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Nepal - Rural Tourism Information

Chitwan National Park

Brief Overview

A visit to Nepal remains incomplete without seeing the beauty of the Terai.

One of the most traditional and conservative indigenous nationalities of Nepal, the Chepangs live in Chitwan. They have their own distinct language, which belongs to one of the Tibeto-Burman strains. Chepangs are mostly hunters and gatherers. They are animists and their clan priests are called Pandes. It is felt that their religion and culture are influenced by the Tamangs.

One of Asia’s finest national parks, renowned for its dense concentration of wildlife. Seas of elephant grass ripple beneath a magnificent sunset & pervasive sense of relaxation soaks in deeper the longer you stay. For a country known for its beautiful mountains, the Gangetic flat lands of the Terai that stretches through out the southern part of Nepal provide a whole different experience.

Chitwan is only 150m above the sea level. The place gets steamy from March-June, with peak temperatures reaching 43°C in the shade. Short grass makes Feb-May the best game-viewing season, but the autumn months are gorgeous, with Himalayan views,and in winter (December-January),Chitwan is pleasantly warm compared to Kathmandu. The monsoon season (July-August) is intense, with pounding rain, swollen rivers, and vegetation. While the rain is not constant, the humidity is all pervasive.


District Area :
2238.39 sq km
Highest Hill :
Population :
468695 (in 2001)
Literacy :
only 65.08% (female-51.94%; male-70.62%)
Weather :
warm temperature climate, hot temperature on lower plains during April to August.
Economic occupations :
62.6% Agriculture, 0.11%Forest, 1.91%Business, 1.91%Construction
Access :
46kms drive east to west (Mahendra Highway), 36kms drive Mugling Narayanghat High way, 17kms Mugling to Mahakhola (Prithivi Highway). Flights to Bharatpur and Meghauli.

Ethnic Diversity

Ethnic groups found in this region largely comprises of Chepang, Tharu, Musahan, Satahar, Danuwar, Tamang, Kumal Gurung and Magar. One of the most disadvantaged ethnic groups of Nepal, the Chepangs inhabit in the remote and sparse contours, outback and rolling precipices of the districts of Makwanpur, Chitwan, Gorkha ad Dhading, they have their own distinct language, lead a nomadic life and their primary lifestyle includes hunting, foraging for wild roots and fishing and traditional farming near jungles.

Their settlements, house construction, social organization, language, customs, festivals and religion are unique. It is felt that their religion and culture are influenced by the Tamangs. Especially a Praja Pande (faith healer) might be an interesting figure for culture tourists to be introduced to.

Rural Tourism Information
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