- Sightseeing Places - Kathmandu
The capital city,
Kathmandu is enriched with temples more than homes
and festivals exceeding the number of days in
a year. The whole valley with its seven heritage
sites has been enlisted in cultural World Heritage
Site list. The place, which blends cultural vigor
with modern facilities possible on earth is place
liked by tourists been here. The place has more
to offer and it is not only administrative capital
of the country but to the fullest extend capital
of traditional culture and physical resources.
Three Durbar Squares - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur,
Pashupatinath, Bouddhanath, Swoyambhunath and
Changunarayan are the places most revered by the
Kathmanduities and whole world.
Kathmandu is not
big when one compares it to other cities in South
Asia. Kathmandu is a fascinating old city today
where pagodas, narrow cobbled lanes, old carved
windows, and stone shrines are backdrops to the
drama of life that continues unhindered. Here
the experiences are amazing, views fascinating,
and the climate charming.
There are living
Goddesses whose smiles are a benediction. There
are reincarnate Lamas who foresee the future with
a roll of dice and scriptural reference. There
are walks that lead the adventurous to legendary
places where ogres once lived. There are hidden
gardens behind palaces yet unseen and courtyards
where miracles happen, and a city the Buddha visited.
to see in Kathmandu Valley
Dhoka ( Durbar Square )
The square is the complex of palaces, courtyards
and temples that are built between the 12th and
the 18th centuries by the ancient Malla Kings
of Nepal. It is the social, religious and urban
focal point of the city. Taleju Temple , Kal Bhairab
(God of Destruction), Nautalle Durbar, Coronation
Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of
King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and
the Jagnnath Temple are some of the interesting
things to see in this Square.
An intriguing piece
here is the 17 th century stone inscriptions that
is set into the wall of the palace with writings
in 15 languages. It is believed that if anybody
deciphers this entire inscription, the milk would
flow from the spout, which lies just below the
inscripted stonewall. Some people say that the
inscription contains coded directions to a treasure
King Pratap Malla has buried beneath Mohan chowk
of Durbar Square .
There are several
museums inside the palace building. There is an
entrance feeof Rs. 250 for all the foreign visitors
to visit all the museums of the palace building.
This is a three-storey temple situated in the
main Market Avenue called Indra Chowk. The image
of Akash Bhairav is displayed outside for a week
during Indra Jatra, the festival of Indra (the
God of Indra). The festival of Indra falls on
monsoon season of Nepal.
(Temple of Kumari)
The temple or the residence of Living Goddess,
Kumari, is situated in the vicinity of Hanuman
Dhoka Palace. The building has beautifully carved
wooden balconies and window screens. The Kumari-
the living Goddess acknowledges the greetings
from her balcony window. Photography is prohibited.
King Laxmi Narsingha Malla built this temple in
the sixteenth century. It is said to be constructed
from the wood of single tree. It is located near
the temple of Kumari . Indeed the city of Kathmandu
derives its name from this temple.
there is a small but a very important temple of
Ashok Vinayak, also known as Kathmandu Ganesh
or Maru Ganesh.
Five minutes from Kasthmandap the Shiva Temple
of Jaishi Dewal is famous for its erotic carvings.
It is still one of the main tourist routes of
the chariot festivals of Indra Jatra, Gai Jatra
and other festivals.
The most ancient and enigmatic of all the Valley's
holy shrines lies 2 km west of Kathmandu city,
across the Vishnumati river. The golden spire
of Swayambhunath stupa crowns a wooded hillock
and offers a commanding view of Kathmandu city.
On clear days, one can even view a line of Himalayan
peaks. The view is splendid at dusk as city lights
flicker one by one, and even better when a full
moon hangs in the sky.
of Swayambhunath Stupa goes back to the legendary
beginning of the Kathmandu Valley.The legend says
that when the bodhisattva Manjushri drained the
waters of the lake to reveal the Kathmandu valley,
the lotus of the lake was transformed into the
hillock and the blazing light became the Swayambhu
stupa. Swayambhunath stupa is a World Heritage
Bouddhanath is the center of Tibetan culture in
Nepal. The 36-meter-high stupa of Bouddhanath
is one of the largest stupas in South Asia. Bouddhanath
Stupa was renovated by Licchavi rulers in the
eighth century. The mandala design in Bouddhanath
is a copy of the one in Gyangtse in Tibet.
The stupa is located
in the area of ancient trade route to Tibet where
Tibetan merchants rested and offered prayers for
many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from
Tibet in the 1950s, many decided to live around
Bouddhanath. Hence, a complete township has developed
The stupa is said
to entomb the remains of a Kasyap sage venerable
both to Buddhists and Hindus. Smaller stupas are
located at the base. Gompa monasteries, curio
shops, and restaurants surround Bouddhanath.
Because of its location
and size, it seems much larger than the Swayambunath
Stupa, with the same hemi-spherical dome symbolizing
the emptiness from which everything emanates.
On top is the harmika painted on each side with
the eyes of the Buddha symbolizing awareness,
and above the spire with its 13 stages to the
canopy. At ground level there is a brick wall
with 147 niches and 108 images of the meditational
buddha inset behind copper prayer wheels. Early
morning and evening are the times to visit Bouddha
to join the local residents in kora (walking the
pilgrim's circuit, sometimes with Tibetan pilgrims
on their hands and knees).
It is situated below Nagarjun Hill about five-kilometer
northwest of Kathmandu City. The garden is known
for its bank of 22 stone waterspouts (hiti) carved
in the shape of sea-dragons. It also consists
of religious shrines, fishponds and a replica
of the statue of Budhanilkantha. . There is also
a swimming pool inside the park.
Situated below Shivapuri hill at the northern
end of the valley, Buddhanilkantha temple is 9
km from Kathmandu city. The temple consists of
a pond in which lies a great stone figure of the
Hindu god Vishnu reclining on the coils of a cosmic
serpent. The huge statue of sleeping Vishnu is
carved from the single block of black stone of
a type not found in the valley. It is believed
that ages before the two hardworking farmers (husband
and wife) discovered the statue when they were
ploughing their field.
temple, there are other two sets of exactly similar,
but smaller statues of 'sleeping Vishnu' in the
Valley. One set is in the Balaju garden and the
other is hidden in the old garden of Hanuman Dhoka
Palace of Kathmandu city. A prophetic dream of
King Pratap Malla generated the belief that the
King of Nepal should never visit Buddhanilkantha
temple on threat of death. He then built the similar
statue in two places.
The temple of Pashupatinath is Nepal's most scared
Hindu shrines and one of the subcontinent's greatest
Shiva sites, a sprawling collection of temples,
ashrams, images and inscriptions raised over the
centuries along the banks of the sacred Bagmati
The richly- ornamented
pagoda, houses the sacred linga or phallic symbol
of Lord Shiva.
Chronicles indicate the temlple's existence prior
to 400 A.D, but a shrine may have stood here nearly
1000 years before that. Legend says that Shiva
once took the form of an antelope and sported
unkown in the forest on Bagmati river's east bank.
The gods later caught up with him , and grabbing
him by the horn, forced him to resume his divine
form. The broken horn was worshipped as a linga
and overtime was buried and lost. Centuries later
an astonished herdsmen found one of his cows showering
the earth with milk. Digging deep at the site,
he discovered the divine linga of Pashupatinath.
The temple complex
has been renovated and improved over the centuries.
Entrance to the shrine is only restricted to Hindus,
however, one can still get the good view of the
sacred temple from vantage points across Bagmati
river. Across the river, one can also visit the
temple of Guhyeshwori and a classic 6th century
ekmukhi "one-faced" linga of Shiva.